Turkey

 

Overview

Constitutional document in force:

  • 1982 Constitution as amended 2010: English
  • Drafting of a new Constitution ongoing

 

 

Click for information on the methodology

The country pages are collections from information openly available on the web or documents obtained by the MECF with national constitutional events categorized as follows:

1. New Constitutional Document

A “New Constitutional Document” under the terms of this website is a text that bears new constitutional authority, which was not enacted by a preexisting amendment procedure of the highest law available.

2. Amendment

Documents are categorized as “Amendments” if they were established according to an existing constitutional amendment procedure.

3. Proposal

A “Proposal” is an amendment that was not or is supposed to be implemented in future.

4. Interpretation

An “Interpretation” is a legal determination by a body that is endowed with the authority to issue binding interpretations on the constitutional text. This category is not limited to courts or other traditional bodies of the judiciary. Exemplary bodies include constitutional courts or boards.

5. Related Legal Text

“Related Legal Texts” are those legal documents that are directly relevant to the constitutional provisions and are hierarchically placed below constitutional legal authority. Examples include election laws, laws relating to political parties and laws on the judiciary.

We list secondary materials for each constitutional event of the five categories. These include scholarly articles and the travaux préparatoires.

 

23/01/2012 | Proposal | Drafting a New Constitution in Turkey

Links to the text in the following languages:

Draft Constitution not yet available – [Support the project - submit available documents relating to the drafting process]

Secondary Materials:

1. Turkish Weekly, New Constitution Planned for End 2012, Turkish Parliament Speaker Says, 23 January 2012 Monday 9:33 (2012), Link (last visited Feb 8, 2012).

12/09/2010 | Amendment | Constitution of 1982 as amended 2010

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk - [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English

Secondary Materials:

1. Levent Gönenc, The 2001 Amendments to the 1982 Constitution of Turkey, 1 Ankara Law Review 89-109 (2004).
2. International Constitutional Law Project University of Bern, Constitutional Background Turkey (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).
3. Reuters, Factbox: Turkey’s constitutional amendments (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).

 …

10/05/2007 | Amendment | Constitution of 1982 as amended 2007

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English

Secondary Materials:

1. International Constitutional Law Project University of Bern, Constitutional Background Turkey (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).

17/10/2001 | Amendment | Constitution of 1982 as amended 2001

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English – [Support the project - submit available references]

Secondary Materials:

1. Levent Gönenc, The 2001 Amendments to the 1982 Constitution of Turkey, 1 Ankara Law Review 89-109 (2004).

2. International Constitutional Law Project University of Bern, Constitutional Background Turkey (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).
3. Amnesty International, Turkey: Constitutional amendments: Still a long way to go (2002), Link.…

13/08/1999 | Amendment | Constitution of 1982 as amended 1999

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English – [Support the project - submit available references]

Secondary Materials:

1. International Constitutional Law Project University of Bern, Constitutional Background Turkey (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).
2. Amnesty International, Turkey: Constitutional amendments: Still a long way to go (2002), Link.

23/07/1995 | Amendment | Constitution of 1982 as amended 1995

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English

Secondary Materials:

1. International Constitutional Law Project University of Bern, Constitutional Background Turkey (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).

17/05/1987 | Amendment | Law No. 3361

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English

Secondary Materials:

1. International Constitutional Law Project University of Bern, Constitutional Background Turkey (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).

07/11/1982 | New Constitutional Document | 1982 Constitution of Turkey

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English

Secondary Materials:

1. International Constitutional Law Project University of Bern, Constitutional Background Turkey (2010), Link (last visited Jan 11, 2012).

21/08/1909 | Amendment | Revised Articles of the 1876 Ottoman Constitution

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English – [below the text of the 1876 Ottoman Constitution]

Secondary Materials:

1. Richard Devereux, The first Ottoman Constitutional Period, a study of the Midhat Constitution and Parliament (1963).
2. H Kayali, Elections and the Electoral Process in the Ottoman Empire, 27 International Journal of Middle East Studies 265–286 (1995).
3. Walter F. Weiker, The Ottoman Bureaucracy: Modernization and Reform, 13 Administrative Science Quarterly 451–470 (1968).

23/12/1876 | New Constitutional Document | The 1876 Ottoman Constitution

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English

Secondary Materials:

1. Richard Devereux, The first Ottoman Constitutional Period, a study of the Midhat Constitution and Parliament (1963).
2. H Kayali, Elections and the Electoral Process in the Ottoman Empire, 27 International Journal of Middle East Studies 265–286 (1995).
3. Walter F. Weiker, The Ottoman Bureaucracy: Modernization and Reform, 13 Administrative Science Quarterly 451–470 (1968).

03/11/1839 | New Constitutional Document | Hatt-i Şerif of Gülhane (Ottoman decree)

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Türk – [Support the project - submit available references]

Kurdî/کوردی –  [Support the project - submit available references]

English

Secondary Materials:

1. University of Michigan, Electronic Middle East Sourcebook, Islamfiche Project, June 8, 2004, Link (last visited May 11, 2012).
2. Niyazi Berkes, The Development of Secularism in Turkey (1964).
3. Bernhard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey (1961).
4. Butrus Abu Manneh, The Islamic Roots of the Gülhane Rescript, 34 Die Welt des Islams 173–203 (1994).
5. Erik J. Zürcher, Turkey: A Modern History (1998).

 

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