Saudi Arabia



Constitutional document in force:

  • 1992 Basic Law of Governance: عربي | English
  • No current drafting process known



Click for information on the methodology

The country pages are collections from information openly available on the web or documents obtained by the MECF with national constitutional events categorized as follows:

1. New Constitutional Document

A “New Constitutional Document” under the terms of this website is a text that bears new constitutional authority, which was not enacted by a preexisting amendment procedure of the highest law available.

2. Amendment

Documents are categorized as “Amendments” if they were established according to an existing constitutional amendment procedure.

3. Proposal

A “Proposal” is an amendment that was not or is supposed to be implemented in future.

4. Interpretation

An “Interpretation” is a legal determination by a body that is endowed with the authority to issue binding interpretations on the constitutional text. This category is not limited to courts or other traditional bodies of the judiciary. Exemplary bodies include constitutional courts or boards.

5. Related Legal Text

“Related Legal Texts” are those legal documents that are directly relevant to the constitutional provisions and are hierarchically placed below constitutional legal authority. Examples include election laws, laws relating to political parties and laws on the judiciary.

We list secondary materials for each constitutional event of the five categories. These include scholarly articles and the travaux préparatoires.

01/03/1992 | New Constitutional Document | Basic Law of Governance of Saudi Arabia

Links to the text in the following languages:



Secondary Materials:

1. Paul Aarts, Maintaining Authoritarianism: The Jerky Path of Political Reform in Saudi Arabia, Orient 29-39 (2011).
2. Abdulaziz H. Al-Fahad, Ornamental Constitutionalism: The Saudi Basic Law of Governance, 30 Yale Journal of International Law 375.
3. Ayoub M. Al-Jarbou, Judicial review of administrative action under the Saudi law (2011).
4. Ayoub M. Al-Jarbou, Judicial Independence: Case Study of Saudi Arabia, 19 Arab Law Quarterly 5-54 (2004).
5. Ayoub M. Al-Jarbou, The Role of Traditionalists and Modernists on the Development of the Saudi Legal System, 21 Arab Law Quarterly 191 (2007).
6. Hossein Esmaeili, On a Slow Boat Towards the Rule of Law: The Nature of Law in the Saudi Arabian System, 26 The Arizona Journal of International and Comparative Law 1 (2009).
7. International Constitutional Law Project, University of Berne, Constitutional Background Saudi Arabia (2010), Link (last visited Jan 13, 2012).…


One thought on “Saudi Arabia

  1. Jehan Al-Saeed says:
    GD Star Rating

    Judicial review of administrative actions is an amazing, well written and rich book. I am am ultimately honored to be a former student of Dr. Ayoub Al-Jarbou.

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