Mauritania

 

Overview

Constitutional document in force:

  • 2005 Constitution as amended 2006: Français
  • No current drafting process known

 

 

Click for information on the methodology

The country pages are collections from information openly available on the web or documents obtained by the MECF with national constitutional events categorized as follows:

1. New Constitutional Document

A “New Constitutional Document” under the terms of this website is a text that bears new constitutional authority, which was not enacted by a preexisting amendment procedure of the highest law available.

2. Amendment

Documents are categorized as “Amendments” if they were established according to an existing constitutional amendment procedure.

3. Proposal

A “Proposal” is an amendment that was not or is supposed to be implemented in future.

4. Interpretation

An “Interpretation” is a legal determination by a body that is endowed with the authority to issue binding interpretations on the constitutional text. This category is not limited to courts or other traditional bodies of the judiciary. Exemplary bodies include constitutional courts or boards.

5. Related Legal Text

“Related Legal Texts” are those legal documents that are directly relevant to the constitutional provisions and are hierarchically placed below constitutional legal authority. Examples include election laws, laws relating to political parties and laws on the judiciary.

We list secondary materials for each constitutional event of the five categories. These include scholarly articles and the travaux préparatoires.

25/06/2006 | Amendment | Articles 26, 27, 28, 29, 99

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Français

English - [Support the project - submit available references]

Secondary Materials:

1. Anthony G. Pazzanita, The origins and evolution of Mauritania’s Second Republic, 34 The Journal of Modern African Studies 575-596 (1996).

 …

06/08/2005 | New Constitutional Document | Constitutional Charter of Mauritania

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Français

English - [Support the project - submit available references]

Secondary Materials:

1. Abdel Wedoud O. Cheikh, Une armée de tribus? Les militaires et le pouvoir en Mauritanie, 35 The Maghreb Review 339 (2010).

 …

12/07/1991 | New Constitutional Document | 1991 Constitution of Mauritania

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية

Français

English

Secondary Materials:

1. Ahmed S. O. Bouboutt, Le juge constitutionnel face aux enjeux de la démocratisation dans les pays arabes : à propos du Conseil constitutionnel mauritanien, in Les constitutions des pays arabes 297-306 (Centre d’Études des Droits du Monde Arabe ed., 1997).
2. Bouboutt, Ahmed S. O., La construction de l’état de droit en Mauritanie : enjeux, stratégies et parcours, in L’ Etat de droit dans le monde arabe 301-341 (Ahmed Mahiou ed., CNRS-éditions ed. 1997).
3. Omar O. Dedde O. Hamady, L’évolution des institutions politiques mauritaniennes: Bilan et perspectives au lendemain de la réforme constitutionnelle du 25 juin 2006, 67 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 907-947 (2007).
4. Philippe Marchesin, Juge moderne et droit musluman : le cas de la Mauritanie, 156 in Afrique Contemporaine 261-266 (1990).
5. Anthony G. Pazzanita, The origins and evolution of Mauritania’s Second Republic, 34 The Journal of Modern African Studies 575-596 (1996).
6. Abdel Wedoud O. Cheikh, Une armée de tribus? Les militaires et le pouvoir en Mauritanie, 35 The Maghreb Review 339 (2010).…

09/02/1985 | New Constitutional Document | Constitutional Charter of Mauritania

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Charte constitutionnelle du Comité militaire de salut national du 9 février 1985.
Journal officiel, 1985-02-27, No. 632-633, pp. 112-113 (online version Français - [Support the project - submit available references]).

English - [Support the project - submit available references]

Secondary Materials:

1. Anthony G. Pazzanita, The origins and evolution of Mauritania’s Second Republic, 34 The Journal of Modern African Studies 575-596 (1996).
2. Omar O. Dedde O. Hamady, L’évolution des institutions politiques mauritaniennes: Bilan et perspectives au lendemain de la réforme constitutionnelle du 25 juin 2006, 67 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 907-947 (2007).

12/12/1980 | Proposal | Draft Constitution of 1980

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Français

English - [Support the project - submit available references]

Secondary Materials:

1. Anthony G. Pazzanita, The origins and evolution of Mauritania’s Second Republic, 34 The Journal of Modern African Studies 575-596 (1996).

20/05/1961 | New Constitutional Document | 1961 Constitution of Mauritania

Links to the text in the following languages:

العربية - [Support the project - submit available references]

Français

English - [Support the project - submit available references]

Secondary Materials:

1. Ahmed S. O. Bouboutt, Le juge constitutionnel face aux enjeux de la démocratisation dans les pays arabes : à propos du Conseil constitutionnel mauritanien, in Les constitutions des pays arabes 297-306 (Centre d’Études des Droits du Monde Arabe ed., 1997).
2. Bouboutt, Ahmed S. O., La construction de l’état de droit en Mauritanie : enjeux, stratégies et parcours, in L’ Etat de droit dans le monde arabe 301-341 (Ahmed Mahiou ed., CNRS-éditions ed. 1997).
3. Omar O. Dedde O. Hamady, L’évolution des institutions politiques mauritaniennes: Bilan et perspectives au lendemain de la réforme constitutionnelle du 25 juin 2006, 67 Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht 907-947 (2007).
4. Philippe Marchesin, Juge moderne et droit musluman : le cas de la Mauritanie, 156 in Afrique Contemporaine 261-266 (1990).
5. Ursel Clausen, Islam und nationale Religionspolitik: Das Fallbeispiel Mauretanien (2005).

 …

 

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