Constitutional document in force:

  • 1996 Constitution: عربي | English
  • Drafting of a Constitutional Amendment ongoing



Click for information on the methodology

The country pages are collections from information openly available on the web or documents obtained by the MECF with national constitutional events categorized as follows:

1. New Constitutional Document

A “New Constitutional Document” under the terms of this website is a text that bears new constitutional authority, which was not enacted by a preexisting amendment procedure of the highest law available.

2. Amendment

Documents are categorized as “Amendments” if they were established according to an existing constitutional amendment procedure.

3. Proposal

A “Proposal” is an amendment that was not or is supposed to be implemented in future.

4. Interpretation

An “Interpretation” is a legal determination by a body that is endowed with the authority to issue binding interpretations on the constitutional text. This category is not limited to courts or other traditional bodies of the judiciary. Exemplary bodies include constitutional courts or boards.

5. Related Legal Text

“Related Legal Texts” are those legal documents that are directly relevant to the constitutional provisions and are hierarchically placed below constitutional legal authority. Examples include election laws, laws relating to political parties and laws on the judiciary.

We list secondary materials for each constitutional event of the five categories. These include scholarly articles and the travaux préparatoires.

06/11/1996 | New Constitutional Document | The White Book (Basic Law) of Oman

Links to the text in the following languages:


Secondary Materials:

1. Said Sultan Al Hashimi, The Omani Spring: towards the break of a new dawn (2011), Link (last visited Jan 10, 2012).
2. Jeremy Jones, Democratic Development in Oman, 59 Middle East Journal 376-392 (2005).
3. Joseph A. Kéchichian, A Vision of Oman: State of the Sultanate Speeches by Qaboos Bin Said, 1970-2006, 15 Middle East Policy 112 (2008).
4. Nikolaus A. Siegfried, Legislation and Legitimation in Oman: The Basic Law, 7 Islamic Law and Society 359-397 (2000).
5. Mohamed Tozy, Religion and the Stakes in Morocco, 1 Middle East Research Associates Journal 13-33 (1995).


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